There are a lot of things to think about when picking a new pup for your family.
Among other things, you’ll want to consider your new dog’s size, temperament, energy level, and care requirements before making a decision. But it is also important to think about your local climate when selecting a new pet. This is especially important for those that live in areas with unusually high or low temperatures.
We’re going to focus on those in the latter category today, so kick back and bundle up while we talk about 10 canines who love cold climates.
There are a number of breeds who are comfortable in relatively chilly weather, but the following 10 are among the best suited for sleet and snow.
Given that they were developed in Siberia – a land synonymous with cold, bleak weather – huskies are quite at home in places where winter winds blow. In fact, they’re still used by some Iditarod teams, even though they aren’t as fast as some of their competitors (several of which also appear on this list).
Huskies are pretty popular among pet lovers too, and the reasons are pretty obvious: They have a beautiful, wolf-like look to them, they’re loving, intelligent, and they’re always up for a good time.
That said, they do have very high exercise requirements, and they can develop destructive tendencies if they aren’t allowed to burn off enough energy, so they aren’t a great choice for homebodies.
If you’re a husky fan, also consider checking out our list of husky mixed breeds – there are some pretty cool cross breeds in there!
Great Pyrenees were originally developed to live with a flock of livestock and keep them safe from danger. Their long coats helped them do this by:
Providing protection from the wolves and other predators these pups may need to battle.
Helping the dogs look a little more sheep-like, which appears to make the sheep feel better.
Keeping the dogs warm while sleeping outdoors alongside the sheep.
Because they were bred to live away from their owners, Great Pyrenees are not quite as affectionate as some other breeds. They love their families, and they can make good pets in the right home, but they’ll never follow you around like a shadow.
But this can be a good thing for some families, as Great Pyrenees aren’t very prone to separation anxiety. They do, however, need a big yard to patrol, and they aren’t the easiest breed to train (they’re a bit stubborn). So be sure to meet a few Great Pyrenees before you add one to your home – especially if you are looking for a first dog.
You better live in a pretty cool climate if you add a Tibetan mastiff to your family. They can handle cold temperatures just fine, but they can overheat very easily on hot summer days.
Tibetan mastiffs are covered in an unbelievably long and fluffy double coat, which helps keep them warm in even the coldest weather. Like Great Pyrenees, their long coats also help to accentuate their size and provide protection from the wolves and bears they’d be expected to fight off while guarding livestock and their owners.
Tibetan mastiffs are gigantic dogs, who occasionally reach 150 pounds or more in weight! This, combined with their headstrong nature, makes them challenging dogs to own.
For an experienced owner, one of these enormous pups may be a manageable option, but for the novice owner, it would be an inappropriate match.
You’d probably expect any breed named after the 49th state to be well-suited for the cold, and in the case of the malamute, you’d be right.
Malamutes are burly sled dogs, built to drag heavy loads. Although they’re big (some flirt with the 100-pound mark), they look even bigger than they are, thanks to their luxurious coats.
Malamutes are really friendly dogs, who typically greet strangers with a wagging tail. But, they can be a bit antagonistic toward other dogs, and they’re often quite aggressive toward cats.
As with almost all other breeds, they’ll benefit strongly from early socialization and training.
Saint Bernards have a long history of working outdoors in bone-chilling temperatures. They were originally bred to perform a variety of tasks, but they’re most celebrated for helping to find and rescue injured or lost individuals visiting the Swiss Alps. The whole barrel-of-brandy-around-the-neck thing is probably just a myth, but I like to think it’s true.
Saint Bernards are gigantic dogs – big individuals approach 175 pounds and stand 30-inches-tall at the shoulder. Although these gentle giants are great with kids and make friends with ease, they are quite stubborn and often challenging to train. Accordingly, most first-time owners should look for another cold-weather breed.
Originally developed to herd livestock and pull sleds across the frozen Siberian wilderness, Samoyeds were eventually tasked with performing an even more important task – keeping their owners warm during cold winter nights. This means that Samoyeds are not only spectacularly well-suited for cold weather, they also love snuggling with their people!
Samoyeds are pretty happy-go-lucky dogs who are always looking for an adventure. They’re extremely loving and affectionate with their families, but they aren’t especially brilliant, nor are they very interested in pleasing you by learning commands and tricks.
They also require quite a bit of regular grooming, so, while Sammies (as they’re often called) certainly have a lot going for them, they aren’t an ideal choice for those who are new to dogs and owners who don’t want to spend a decent chunk of change taking their pooch to the groomer each month.
Were they not quite so big, Bernese Mountain dogs would probably be one of the best dogs for new owners in the world. But alas, these affectionate and loveable goofballs range from about 75 to 125 pounds, which is a bit big for dog-owning novices.
Nevertheless, Bernese Mountain dogs are remarkably likable dogs, and they are right at home in cold climates. Originally developed in Switzerland, these dogs were responsible for hauling heavy loads and guarding livestock. Bernese Mountain dogs have a very dense fur coat, which will keep them warm in all but the lowest temperatures.
These are very high-energy dogs, so it is important to provide them with a big yard and plenty of opportunities to exercise. Bernese Mountain dogs are quite smart, and most love pleasing their person, so they often excel at obedience trials.
The very image of a working dog, the Newfoundland has performed a number of jobs throughout its history. However, they’re most noted for helping fishermen work the nets. To carry out this kind of work in the frigid waters of Newfoundland, they needed a dense, water-resistant, double-coat (not to mention a love of the water).
Newfoundlands are famous for their gentle demeanor and calm disposition. They aren’t as bubbly as some of their retrieving cousins, like Labrador retrievers, but they make friends easily enough. They are much stouter than your average retriever, and they exude power with every step.
Newfoundlands are smart, capable, and eager to please, and they can make pretty good pets for those with the space and time to dedicate to such a big and playful animal.
Akitas have one of the most luxurious coats you’ll ever feel, and it is just as effective against the cold as you’d think it is. Akitas are very well adapted to winter weather, and their robust bodies make their dense double-coats even more effective.
One of the bravest dogs ever bred, Akitas have been tasked with guarding royalty as well as hunting boar, bear, and other formidable prey. They love their family deeply and form very strong bonds with their owners, but some Akitas can be described as “prickly.” Most are suspicious of other people and often have trouble getting along with other dogs.
The combination of their large size (some individuals exceed 120 pounds), power, and protective nature makes them a poor breed choice for beginners. But experienced dog owners looking for a loyal friend and toasty foot-warmer will probably love Akitas and find them a great breed to own.
Like huskies and Akitas, American Eskimo dogs are members of the the Spitz group — a collection of guarding and sled-pulling breeds characterized by long, often white hair, and pointy ears. They are, however, much smaller than many other Spitzes; American Eskimo dogs typically weigh only 20 to 40 pounds.
Most Spitzes hail from northern locations and possess a number of adaptations that help them thrive in cold weather. This includes, among other things, a long, thick coat and a bushy tail – all of which you can see in the American Eskimo dog.
Unlike many of their close relatives, who were originally developed to haul sleds, American Eskimo dogs were tasked with guarding their families and territories. Modern members of the breed retain this slightly suspicious attitude and are quick to bark at perceived threats.
American Eskimo dogs can make good pets for beginners, and because they weren’t originally bred to be sled dogs, they aren’t quite as energetic as huskies and other sledding dogs are.
It doesn’t take a genius to figure out that dogs with long coats are usually better suited for cold weather than those with short coats. A passing glance at the list above will confirm as much.
But there are a few other traits and characteristics that help dogs cope with the cold. Some of the most notable include:
Simply put, the less skin an animal has in relation to its body weight, the slower it’ll lose heat to the environment. Accordingly, if you consider two animals with similar body shapes, the larger individual will stay warmer for longer than the smaller one.
This explains why you may need to put a doggie sweater on your Chihuahua before walking into an air-conditioned building, but your Great Dane may pant and lay on the kitchen tile for the entire summer.
And don’t forget — large dogs will also be able to stand above snow, rather than having to plough through it.
Ears are fantastic radiators, as they not only have a lot of skin for their weight, they’re also full of blood vessels. This makes them perfect for getting rid of excess body heat. So, dogs who hail from warm climates tend to have large ears, while those that are adapted for cold weather usually have smaller ears.
Lots of dogs have long coats, but long fur doesn’t necessarily make for a good blanket (Lhasa Apsos, for example, have long coats, but aren’t particularly comfortable in low temperatures).
Dogs that are really well-suited for cold weather often have a long coat, but they always have something even better: a particularly thick double-coat.
Many breeds have a double-coat comprised of a rougher outer coat and a downy undercoat, but the dogs on this list have undercoats that are luxuriously dense and provide unparalleled warmth. Unfortunately, thick double coats eventually shed, so they aren’t without their drawbacks.
Don’t worry if your dog doesn’t like the cold weather — there are a number of ways you can help your sun-loving pooch remain comfortable in cold weather.
Booties are an easy way to protect your pup’s paws on rough surfaces, but they’ll also help keep her tootsies toasty. Most good ones (we recommend a few top-notch dog booties here) are water-proof, so they’ll help keep your dog’s feet dry too. Booties will also provide better traction and protect your pooch’s paws, which will help prevent injuries while walking on the icy ground.
A good sweater or jacket can make all the difference between a comfortable canine and one who is simply counting the seconds until she can go back inside. Sweaters, given their snug fit, probably provide a little more warmth than jackets, but winter doggie jackets will usually provide a little better protection against the elements. In practice, there’s no reason you can’t use both if need be.
If your dog isn’t built for cold temperatures, you don’t want to make things even harder on her by going for walks when it is raining or snowing. Any moisture that gets on your dog will tend to make her colder, so you should try to take advantage of dry weather windows whenever possible.
If you can’t avoid going out when it is wet, at least use an umbrella or fit your dog with rain gear to keep her as dry as possible.
We’re of the general opinion that most dogs should be allowed to sleep indoors whenever possible. But, there are some cases in which that’s simply not feasible. Dogs who are tasked with guarding duties, for example, will often have to patrol outdoor spaces, no matter the weather.
In such cases, the most humane and responsible thing to do is provide your dog with a heated shelter of some type. Fortunately, there are a number of dog houses on the market that make fantastic cold-weather quarters for dogs who must sleep outdoors.
Is your dog part polar bear? Does she love scooting around in the snow and playing during windy winter days? Did you specifically choose her based on the breed’s tolerance of cold weather, or was that just a nice bonus? Has she ever found it too cold to go outside?
We’d also like to hear from those who have to bundle up their pooch when the mercury plummets. Have you found an especially clever way to keep her warm during walks?
Tell us all about your cold-weather canine adventures below!
Ben is a proud dog owner and lifelong environmental educator who writes about animals, outdoor recreation, science, and environmental issues. He lives with his beautiful wife and spoiled-rotten Rottweiler JB in Atlanta, Georgia. Read more by Ben at FootstepsInTheForest.com.