You may have seen those cute videos of dogs on the internet telling their owners that they love them. How can you get your dog to do the same? This super-cute party trick is sure to melt hearts and impress your friends!
Saying those three special words can be hard! Keep in mind that this trick is going to be quite difficult.
If your dog isn’t naturally very vocal, you might have a hard time teaching her to say “I love you,” (or anything else for that matter. Some breeds, like huskies, are known for being vocal, making them better candidates for this tricky trick. You may have better luck with this trick if your dog already makes some strange sounds!
Even if your dog is fairly vocal, this trick gets technical!
We’re going to go over clicker training, capturing behaviors, cueing behaviors, and shaping behaviors. Learning all these skills is essential for getting your dog to talk, and will help you and your pup succeed with all sorts of fun tricks in the future!
Also keep in mind that each animal, trainer, and relationship is unique. This “How To” can be fluid and changed. Think of it more like a guide than a manual.
A few quick general training tips
Another option: when my dog gets frustrated, I’ll just cue her for “sit,” “down,” or “shake.” She gets a treats and feels less frustrated. Then we can start again!
Along these lines, think of behaviors in increasing complexity. Teaching a dog to speak on cue is elementary. Teaching your dog to say “I love you” is high school. Having your dog to say “I love you” to a stranger in a distracting, scary environment is graduate school! You wouldn’t expect a six-year-old to score a perfect SAT, so don’t expect your dog to do the equivalent.
Before we get started on how to teach this trick to your pooch, check out this video of the incredible talking Husky Misha perform this feat of articulation!
This is a complicated behavior that will take a while to perfect. Unless you’re a savvy trainer with a super-vocal dog, expect this trick to take weeks or even months to master. Even then, be patient!
Keep in mind that each step is important. Each of these steps is also key to any good dog training – so take the time to master them! Using these same skills, you’ll be able to teach your dog all sorts of tricks.
The first step on your training adventure begins with charging the clicker. This step is important because right now, your dog doesn’t know what the clicker signifies. You’ll need to teach her that the “click” sound means that she’s about to get a treat! Trainers call this “charging” the clicker because it’s like charging your phone – you’re getting it ready for use!
Sit in a quiet place with your dog and click the clicker. Then give your dog a treat. Do this over and over again. Soon, the click will predict a treat to your dog, the same way Pavlov’s bell predicted food for his dogs.
Once your dog knows that the clicker means, “Good dog, now you’re getting a treat,” you’re in business! You can use a clicker to train your dog to do almost anything, so feel free to experiment with it. Just remember that the click is a promise to reward the dog for her hard work. Don’t forget to give her the paycheck (treats)!
Now you’ll need to learn how to capture a behavior. Think of capturing a behavior as trying to catch a moment in your dog’s behavior that you like. When you see your dog do a good thing, you can click and treat for the behavior. This tells your pup, “Hey! I liked that! Do it again!”
Capturing behaviors is a great way to teach your dog to do all sorts of cute things on cue. It’s like seeing your spouse doing the dishes and wordlessly giving them a kiss. You didn’t ask them to do it, but you’re giving them a reward for doing it. Hopefully, this will make your spouse do the dishes more often!
You can do this with any number of behaviors – standing on hind legs, spinning in a circle, placing a head on your lap! Check out the classic 100 things to do with a box game to really get good at it.
In this instance, we’ll be using this technique to capture a vocalization. If your dog is naturally vocal, this is easy. If not, there’s probably something you do that makes your dog make noise. Either way, when your dog vocalizes, click the clicker and give your dog a treat. Do this over and over until your dog is making lots of noise for you, and getting paid well for it!
Keep in mind that your end goal is teaching your dog to say “I love you,” so capture the sound that is closest to this. A short, sharp bark won’t transfer easily into “I love you.” Aim for something like the sound dogs make when they yawn, or even a play growl. A sound that’s more drawn-out and varied is best!
Next, you can start to shape the behavior. Shaping a behavior means taking something that’s not quite what you want, and helping your dog get closer to the final end goal – in this case, saying those magic “I love you” words.
Remember, your dog doesn’t know that “I love you” means anything different than “wago wambo” or “your butt is so fluffy,” so you really need to guide her towards certain vocalization structures.
Now that you’re stepping it up and shaping the behavior, it’s time to get more stingy with those training treats. If your dog has been yowling and receiving treats, now you’ll want to start only click and treating when your dog “offers” a two- or three-syllable yowl. Your dog only gets paid for his best work.
Any time your dog makes a vocalization that sounds closer to “I love you” than the last, pay him for that one! If he just barks, he doesn’t get paid for this trick. This step may take days or even weeks.
Pro Training Tip: Not working? Try experimenting with making the “I love you” sound back at him, to see if he’s able to mimic you. This may work for some dogs but not others.
If all goes well, you’ve now captured a behavior and shaped it into a sound that’s close enough to “I love you.” Patience is key here! But if you were paying attention, you probably noticed that we haven’t taught your pup a cue yet. In other words, so far we haven’t attached a word to the behavior.
This isn’t an accident. You can start cueing the behavior as you’re shaping it, or you can just wait until the behavior is closer to what you want. This is an example of how fluid training protocol can be!
Before you start introducing a cue (either before, during, or after the shaping process), you must pick a cue. Something like “Do you love me?” is cute, but go ahead and be creative! Whatever you pick, be sure to stick with it and be consistent.
Attaching the behavior to a cue can be done before, after, or even during shaping. Once you’ve picked a cue, start introducing it just before your dog vocalizes. Now you’ll only “pay” him for speaking after you’ve asked him to speak. Otherwise, you’ll end up with a dog barking all the time at everything, and expecting treats for it!
As you gain experience, you’ll get a better idea of when adding the cue works for you. Personally, I like to add cues in the middle of shaping a behavior. I try to start shaping the behavior towards what I want, but like to add a cue before it’s a finished product. This makes it easier to start and end training sessions, because my dog learns that he only should vocalize if I’ve asked for it, not just all the time.
When your dog is about to bark, cue him with “Do you love me?” or any other word or phrase you’d like to use. He’ll vocalize, and you click and give him a treat. Do this over and over!
Once you’ve done this enough times, stop giving him treats if you didn’t give the cue first. He only gets rewarded for the trick if you’ve asked for it! Keep in mind that “enough” repetitions will differ for each dog. A vocal, smart dog will be much faster, while a slower dog may take days or even weeks at this step!
If you’ve done each step correctly and were patient and consistent, now your dog should be saying “I love you” on cue!
If you’ve got a quiet dog, this particular trick may be nearly impossible. For example, my childhood Labrador hardly ever barked or made any sound at all – I’m not sure I could ever have taught him this trick.
For a similarly cute behavior that’s easier for quiet dogs, instead you could train your dog to “give kisses” on cue.
Using the same steps of (1) capturing the behavior, (2) shaping the behavior, and (3) cueing the behavior, you can train your dog to lick or nuzzle you on command – equally cute! Instead of “capturing” a vocalization, just “capture” a lick or nuzzle with a click and a treat. You’re on your way to an equally cute, but much quieter, trick!
How does your dog say “I love you?” Share your stories, tips, and tricks in the comments!
Kayla Fratt is an Associate Certified Dog Behavior Consultant through the IAABC and works as a professional dog trainer through the use of positive reinforcement methods. She also has experience working as a Behavior Technician at Denver Dumb Friends League rehabilitating fearful and reactive dogs.