Puppy Pad Training 101: Teaching Your Pup to Use Potty Pads

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Dog Training By Kayla Fratt 9 min read April 2, 2019 14 Comments

puppy pad training

Puppy pad training a young dog is always challenging. They have horrible bladder control and no matter what, it seems like they’re always making a mess.

Training a puppy to use potty pads can be a great step to full housebreaking, or can be a full-time fix for small dogs!

Today we’ll talk about how to puppy pad train your dog and cover what you need to know for getting started.

Inside or Outside: Are Potty Pads Right For You?

Most dog owners will train their dogs to go potty outside. Some use potty pad training as an intermediate step, while others skip over it entirely. Still other owners may choose to train their dog to use a designated indoor area inside on a regular, ongoing basis.

Remember that if you are using potty pads as a temporary fix for young pups with poor bladder control, you’ll later have to house train your puppy not to pee inside, and gradually graduate them to outdoor potty use.

Is puppy pad training right for you? If you fit one or more of these categories, consider potty pads:

  • You own a small dog. Small dogs create small messes, making potty pad training fairly easy. For rather obvious reasons, it can be much stinkier and messier to have a large dog using your bathroom floor as a potty corner.
  • Screen Shot 2016-08-16 at 10.47.08 AMYou live in cold weather. Puppy pad training is also ideal for those who live in colder climates. Some small dogs just can’t handle being outside in Vermont winters!
  • You live in an apartment. If you live on the 72nd floor of the concrete jungle, taking your dog outside for potty can be difficult. Although some apartments have dog potty spots on the roof, many don’t. The difficulty of navigating apartments makes potty pad training appealing.
  • You have limited mobility. Older dog owners or owners with disabilities may find potty pads a good option. While they still require cleaning, potty pad training eliminates the need for handling a dog on a walk (although you should still hire a dog walker regularly to get your dog much-needed exercise).
  • You can’t take your puppy outside often enough. If, for whatever reason, you just can’t walk your dog enough for his potty schedule, potty pads may be for you. If you have a young dog and work 9-5, you’ll likely want to consider potty pad training until your dog develops a stronger bladder.
  • Your dog is really difficult to walk. Extremely shy dogs or dogs with major reactivity can be endlessly difficult to walk. These dogs should see a professional trainer or behaviorist, but a potty pad can help reduce everyone’s stress in the meantime. This also applies to dogs with physical disabilities or extremely old dogs.

Potty Pad Training: Product Options

For dogs, newspaper on the ground may not be obvious enough. Why is it ok to pee on this spot but not this spot? Why can I pee on this newspaper but not that magazine? Giving your puppy a distinct spot to do their business is key for successful puppy pad training.

There are a lot of options for training your puppy to pee in a specific spot inside. You can try:

  • puppy padsClassic Potty Pads. Puppy pads are traditionally composed of layered, spongey material that absorbs wetness and is leak-proof.
  • Dog Litter Boxes. You heard that right – litter boxes aren’t just for dogs! These boxes are filled with recycled paper pellets that absorb your dog’s messes.
  • Grass Mats. Grass potty mats can be made with real or artificial grass. They are an especially good choice for owners who plan on graduating their dogs to outdoor house training, serving as an easy and natural stepping stone. Learn more about FreshPatch and other grass pee pads.

It’s worth noting that litter boxes with pellets and fake grass mats have huge advantages because they are more distinct from your floor than classic potty pads. They take advantage of your dog’s natural instincts to help them potty in the right place. 

Where to Place Puppy Potty Pads?

You’ll want to give careful consideration to where you place your puppy potty pads. Choose a spot with relatively low foot traffic, and preferably over tile or some other hard floor.

Many owners opt for the bathroom. This is wise because the potty corner won’t be near food, it won’t be in the way of entertaining guests, and bathrooms are already small rooms that make it easy to confine your pup.

Don’t forget to puppy-proof your toiletries!

Puppy Pad Training and Management Tips

While your dog is learning to use the potty pad, you’ll need to do some management to protect your floors from accidents.

Here are our favorite management tips to set you and your pup up for potty success:

You can leave your puppy in a crate to start with, but eventually incorporate barriers to teach her where to go. Using confinement to help housebreak your pup is a multi-step process.

1. Start With A Confined Space

Dogs don’t like to pee or poop where they sleep, so giving your dog a smaller space can help teach her to hold her pee.

puppy pad crate trainingWhen you are just starting out, use a crate for your puppy. Be sure to take her to the potty pad as soon as you let her out, but whenever you’re not watching her, she should be in the crate.

You’ll want to make sure that you properly crate-train your dog well so that the crate is a safe, happy space to be and not a scary punishment.

When your pup is being kept in her crate for potty training, make sure to take your pup to the potty pad very often.

Remember, puppies cannot hold their potty for very long when they’re little. You’ll want to take your pup to the potty pad as often as possible. Take your pup to the potty area 10 minutes after eating, playing or drinking. Basically, whenever humanly possible!

The more you take her to the pad, the better chance you’ll have of her relieving herself there. When your puppy does go potty in the right place, be sure to lavish him with tons of treats and praise. We suggest using super high-value training treats, like hot dogs!

Also keep in mind:

    • Puppies that are 2-3 months old need to pee every 2 hours.
    • Add 1 hour of time on for each month after that (for example, a 5 month old dog can hold her potty for 5 hours).
    • Don’t leave your dog without access to a bathroom for more than 8 hours, even if she’s 10 months old.

During the initial puppy pad training stage, you want to make sure not to leave your puppy unattended. If you’re going to praise your pup for good potty behavior, you need to be there to provide positive reinforcement.

It can be pretty frustrating just hanging around in hopes of catching your dog poop on a pad, but it’s absolutely essential if you want to properly train your dog. Once you get to stage 2 and 3, you can begin leaving your dog alone, but until then you’ll have to be patient!

2. Upgrade to Larger Area After Successful Potty Pad Usage

One your pup is doing well with the crate, you can graduate to a larger space. Instead of leaving your pup in a crate, you will now create a small area within your house for your pup to roam.

Pick where you want the potty pads to go, then confine your pup in a small area including the potty pads. This can be done with x-pens, indoor dog gates, or by closing room doors.

retractable dog gate

Give your pup just enough room for a cozy puppy bed, potty pads, plus some water and toys. Instinctively, she won’t want to potty in her toys, water, or bed – so that just leaves the puppy pads! Giving her fewer choices makes it easier to make the right one.

As always, when you catch her using the puppy pads, provide ample treats and confirmation. Also make sure to clean up messes immediately so that your dog never faces the temptation to eat her own poop!

3. Gradually Increase Roaming Space

Once your pup has learned how to use the puppy pad in an enclosed space, you can gradually expand the area. Eventually, you’ll have a free-roaming, potty-trained pro!

At this stage, your pup can finally be left unattended.

How to Handle Accidents (They’re Gonna Happen)

Your pup is bound to make mistakes – it’s natural and normal.

Don’t scold your pup, or you may end up confusing your dog and teaching her that it’s not ok to pee in your presence. When your pup makes a mess, simply take her to the pad. If he goes there, reward her handsomely!

If she doesn’t, don’t take it personally and do your best to reward her when she does it right next time!

Puppy Pad Training Cleanup & Smell

dog stain removerYou’ll want to clean up messy mistakes immediately to reduce stain and smell. Dogs have a tendency to pee in the same spot over and over, so eliminating the odor in inappropriate bathroom areas is key.

There are a lot of products available to clean pet messes. We recommend looking for products that are eco-friendly and pet-safe, such as OxGord Organic Pet Stain Remover!

If your dog is doing business in the litterbox, grass mat, or potty pad and you do your part to clean regularly, the smell should not be too terrible. These products are engineered to reduce smell!

For disposing of messy pads, most puppy pads usually get tossed in the trash, while grass pads can be biodegradable, but check the instruction details of the products you use for specific disposal details.

Next Steps: Outside & Beyond!

Now your puppy is pad trained – and that may be all you wanted to achieve. However, if you plan on getting your dog to regularly potty in a yard, there are some other options you may want to consider as well, including:

  • Doggie Doorbells. Dog doorbells are strands of bells that sit on your door handle. Your pup can be taught to go up and nudge the strand of bells to signal her desire to go outside and potty. A human still needs to be home to make this work though!
  • Dog Doors. If you’re using potty pads because you aren’t home a lot of the day, you may also want to consider installing a dog door that lets your dog go outside into a yard and back inside as she pleases. Of course, this is only a suitable option if you own a house and are game for installing such an item.

There’s no way around the fact that potty training a puppy is work. But with patience, management, and a lot of treats, you should have an indoor potty trained dog in just a few weeks.

Have you trained your pup to use potty pads? What worked for you? We want to hear your pro tips below!

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Written by

Kayla Fratt

Kayla Fratt is a dog behavior consultant and freelance writer. She is an Associate Certified Dog Behavior Consultant with the International Association of Animal Behavior Consultants and is a member of Dog Writer’s Association of America. She travels full time with her border collie Barley and her boyfriend, Andrew. Before coming to K9 of Mine, Kayla worked at Denver Dumb Friends League as a Behavior Technician. She owns her own dog training business, Journey Dog Training and holds a degree in biology from Colorado College. When she’s not writing or training Barley, Kayla enjoys cross-country skiing, eating sushi, drinking cocktails, and going backpacking.


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I just got a two year old male Yorkie who is only semi housebroken.Because I have a disability I want to train him to a pad. I have the pads in the bathroom and even though I leave him in there until he pees he will do it outside the pad instead of on it. I put down more than one pad but it doesn’t help. Is he too old to train.?

R Evans

I have a poodle yorkie mix,. He is 8 wks old, used the pads just fine until 2 days ago. Now he pees on the tile but he poops on the pads. What is up with this??????????????

Kayla Fratt

Hmm, I’m afraid I’m not really sure without more information. At only 8 weeks old, it’s not uncommon to have some potty training slip-ups. I’d take some time to go back to basics and make sure the pads are extra-clean to start.

Kandy Reusser

I have the same problem she does pee on the pad sometimes but she always poops on them


Been trying to pad train.. and she fights. We placed in corner and she always looks up at wall and acts scarred of it. She climbs wall and fights had till she gives in. U think its wall? Never had problems with other dogs and its going on 2 months. Also she pees all the time and going on 6 months.

Kayla Fratt

What do you mean by, “She fights?” Is she afraid of the pad? When is she climbing the walls? How often are you letting her out to pee?


I have a 3 year old mail Maltese plays with the pads and lifts his leg to everything I can’t
put anything on the floor or he’ll pee on it gets on my bed and lifts his leg to my pillows blankets It’s horrible I can’t turn around and he’s peed on something. HELP what do I do?


I have a 5 month old great Dane. We have been pad training since 6 weeks old. He will pee on ot but poops in closets and unoccupied roo

Stephanie Schaefer

I have a 9 week old Pug pup. I got her when she was 7 weeks. In the dead of Winter. In Buffalo. During a Polar Vortex. Thankfully she was with a good breeder who had already started paper training. I Have never ever used potty pads with my other dogs. Always was against it. Have to say this is working out far better than I had hoped! I have her in a large crate at night with her bed blankets and water in one end and her potty pads in the other. During the day I have an indoor potty spot I use. Took me about a week and a half but now she will always use the indoor potty spot when I take her there. Because I am home full time have been able to take her frequently and I ALWAYS use the potty words, “Go pee pee go potty. Go poopy go potty. GOOD potty GOOD poopy!” and give her a treat when she goes. She has yet to walk to the indoor potty spot herself but Im ok with that right now. Would rather take her and avoid accidents at this point. My concerns are in the future (when its warm) and wanting to train her to outside. My goal is to have her trained for outside potty when the weather is nice and indoor potty when its negative 30. (hit negative 40 this year-OhMyGravy!!!) Watching my older dog suffer through those insane temperatures to use the outdoor potty is horrible. He has about 2 minutes before he can’t walk. During these times I so wish I could have got him to use potty pads inside. Hopefully training the pup both ways (though outdoor training wont be able to start for at least a month is my guess) I will be able to avoid the horrid winter days and watching my dog suffer. Has anyone trained both ways? Would love to hear some positive stories!

Stephanie Schaefer

Update on puppy… at 10 weeks Belle went to her indoor potty spot all on her own. She is now 11 weeks and hasn’t had any accidents in over a week. She also goes outside when the weather is nice ( hurry up Spring!) with no issues at all. It’s still very cold (currently 10 degrees) so unable to comment on successful indoor/outdoor training which is my goal. Again, she seems to enjoy pottying outside when able. Hoping this is a good sign for future. So for us was 3 and a half weeks of CONSTANT VIGILLANCE. My eyes were never off her when she was awake and/or not her in her crate. Not too bad in the grand scheme of things!


I have a four month old yorkie. He was doing so good with puppy pads with just a few accidents untill suddenly he just quit.He pees wherever now. He acts like he’s scared to go there now.during the night I take him and set him down and he goes, but all thru the day he resist. The only thing that has changed is we were house sitting my son’s dog for a week. I a m thinking he is maybe marking his territory???? Please any advice!


I have a four month old yorkie. He was doing so good with puppy pads with just a few accidents untill suddenly he just quit.He pees wherever now. He acts like he’s scared to go there now.during the night I take him and set him down and he goes, but all thru the day he resist. The only thing that has changed is we were house sitting my son’s dog for a week. I a m thinking he is maybe marking his territory???? Please any advice!

Diana Shaw

I have had my 6 week old puppy for 2 days and keep her crated at night and while I am at work. I take her to the pad in the “legal ” location and encourage her, with no results sometimes up to 10 minutes of encouragement, then as soon as we leave the bathroom she pees on the carpet. What am I doing wrong?

Kayla Fratt

My guess is that your puppy prefers the ultra-soft, ultra-absorbent characteristics of the carpet. Is it possible to teach your puppy to pee on the pads outside first, then move the pads indoors? Dogs naturally prefer more absorbent surfaces to urinate on. At just 6 weeks old, your puppy is absolutely an infant that needs a lot of support.

Cheryl Smith

I have four month yorkie female. I am trying to housebreak to potty pads. Not possible to take outside. We are using the modern puppy apartment. Starting her off locked inside crate. Bed in one end potty pad in other. First time last night. She has not barked or cried. Plan on taking her out to play around nine am. She has large enclosure. Doesn’t have run of house. Play in enclosure about thirty minutes then back to puppy apartment. Sound workable?


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