As dog owners, we often take our pet’s veterinary care for granted.
We give our dogs antibiotics to clear infections, we give them anti-parasitic drugs to prevent heartworm, and we apply topical ointments to their skin to soothe rashes and lacerations.
But unfortunately, modern veterinary medicine does not yet have all the answers.
Some ailments defy attempts at treatment, leaving veterinarians with little help or hope to offer their canine clients. And sometimes, the treatments they can offer or medicines they can prescribe are (arguably) worse than the original affliction.
When faced with such unenviable challenges, some dog owners consider turning to alternative or experimental medications to help ease their pet’s suffering.
One such alternative treatment that is gaining more and more attention is the use of cannabis for dogs.
While little research has been conducted on the subject, and veterinarians have yet to arrive at a consensus on the subject, a number of anecdotal reports suggest that it may be helpful in some cases.
We’ll dive into the issue below, and explain some of the effects of cannabis on dogs, highlight some of the health benefits it may provide, and explore a few other subjects related to medical cannabis.
Medical Cannabis for Dogs: Key Takeaways
- An increasing number of dog owners have begun experimentally treating their dog with cannabis to help address difficult-to-treat ailments.
- Currently, we just don’t know whether cannabis is a valid treatment option for canines. There isn’t much empirical data available, and Cannabis plants are considered toxic to dogs by most authorities.
- THC is certainly mind-altering for dogs, and not in a good way. Dogs who ingest THC often become quite anxious, and the drug’s effects often last for days at a time.
- Anecdotally, some owners feel that Cannabis has helped their pet, but more research is necessary, and owners are wise to consult their vet before using it to treat their dog’s ailments.
Is Cannabis a Viable Medicine?
The medicinal use of cannabis has become quite widespread over the last few years. California became the first state to permit the legal, medicinal use of cannabis in 1996, and 25 states and the District of Columbia have followed suit since then.
Nevertheless, a lot of people remain skeptical about the medicinal value of cannabis and think that medicinal use is just an excuse for people to get high.
But to the contrary, plenty of real, university-conducted studies, published in well-recognized, peer reviewed journals have demonstrated that there are a variety of medicinal applications for cannabis.
So, the evidence demonstrates that cannabis has some legitimate medical applications — at least as far as humans are concerned.
The question is, can it help treat your sick dog?
The Question of Applicability: Would It Even Work For Dogs?
Because it is such a pharmacological powerhouse for people, it is reasonable to wonder if cannabis may also treat a variety of ailments in dogs – particularly those illnesses that are difficult to treat otherwise.
Our four-footed friends are very biologically different from humans in some respects, but they are quite like us in others.
You may even use some of the same medications to treat your children and your canines. But it is not yet clear if cannabis is suitable for use in dogs.
Very little research has been conducted on the subject, and the bulk of the collective wisdom has come almost exclusively from anecdotal accounts.
Others owners have cannabis to treat their dog’s nausea or reduce the inflammation associated with bladder cancer, stimulate their dog’s appetite, address behavioral concerns, and soothe tummies plagued by irritable bowel syndrome.
But, as toxicologists are fond of saying, “the dose makes the poison.” It is possible that cannabis is safe for dogs at low doses, and problematic at high doses.
The unfortunate truth is, scientists don’t yet know if cannabis is a valid treatment for your dog’s medical problems, nor do they know what the safe dosage range is. The only way to learn these things is through careful, rigorous trials, which will take years to complete.
The Science Behind Cannabinoids in Cannabis
To understand the medicinal use of cannabis, you must learn a little about its chemical composition. Cannabis contains a variety of different active ingredients, called cannabinoids.
Different cannabinoids elicit different effects in the body.
Although scientists are only beginning to examine medical cannabis for dogs, they do know that dogs have the same cannabis-sensitive neural circuitry (endocannabinoid receptors) that we do.
Called the endocannabinoid system, it features specialized receptors that alter the ways in which your neurons communicate once stimulated by cannabinoids.
Some cannabinoids are good for treating chronic pain, while others are good for reducing the intraocular pressure that accompanies glaucoma.
Tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) is the most famous cannabinoid. While THC provides a plethora of medicinal benefits, it is the primary psychoactive component of cannabis — it’s the cannabinoid that gets you high.
Other important cannabinoids include cannabidiol (CBD) and cannabinol (CBN). These are less psychoactive than THC, and are primarily of interest for their medicinal properties.
While raw cannabis contains varying amounts of these and other cannabinoids, prepared medications and other products frequently contain a small subset of the cannabinoids present in a raw, whole-plant sample. This allows for the targeted treatment of disease and reduces undesirable side effects.
The goal should always be to treat your dog’s pain or discomfort, not to get her stoned.
Some of the most important benefits of different cannabinoids (for humans) include:
- Tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) is used as a mild pain killer and for its antioxidant properties.
- Cannabidiol (CBD) treats a variety of conditions including, most notably, seizures and pain relief.
- Cannabinol (CBN) is a powerful sedative and also provides mild pain relief.
The Legal Status of Cannabis for Canines: Cannabis May Help Dogs, But It Isn’t Legal (Yet)
Even though a growing number of pet owners are experimenting with canine cannabis, the plant’s legal status prevents most veterinarians from recommending its use.
Even in states that have legalized recreational cannabis, veterinarians may suffer legal consequences from recommending or prescribing cannabis for their patients.
This complicates the situation for many dog owners. On the one hand, cannabis may help improve your dog’s health, but on the other hand, it may be dangerous for your dog.
This is a clear case in which veterinary advice is crucial, and yet unattainable for most people.
Some sympathetic veterinarians try to thread this needle by speaking in generalities or otherwise tap-dancing around the law, but many others are (understandably) reticent to do so.
Fortunately, some states are considering changing the laws relating to the veterinary use of cannabis, which may help shed more light on the entire issue.
Purported Uses for Canine Cannabis
Some of the ailments that people treat with cannabis are the same ones that owners are now using to treat their dogs. A few common examples include:
- Pain management — While veterinarians have a variety of pain-relieving drugs at their disposal, many have problematic side effects. Opiates, for example, often cause constipation and lethargy, while NSAIDs can cause liver damage.
- Improving the appetite of sick dogs — A variety of different ailments may cause dogs to refuse food or consume less than they normally would. Some cannabinoids – particularly THC – are well-known for their appetite-stimulating effects (insert joke about stoners eating Cheetos here).
- Seizure control — One of the most revolutionary uses for cannabidiol – one of the most medicinally important cannabinoids – is the treatment of seizures.
- Reducing Anxiety and Improving Mood — Some owners have had good results reducing their dog’s anxiety (and the symptoms that often accompany high anxiety, such as an inflamed bladder) with cannabis-derived products. However, other dogs become agitated after ingesting cannabis.
- Reducing Inflammation – Several different cannabinoids, including CBN and THC, are effective anti-inflammatory agents. This provides an additional avenue for treating inflammation-induced pain, such as occurs with osteoarthritis.
Over-the-Counter Cannabis For Canines: Hemp Based Products
Despite the federal prohibition on cannabis and cannabis-derived products, there are several legal pet products available online and in pet stores that contain cannabis derivatives.
The difference is, these products are often made from hemp – a non-psychoactive form of the plant.
Unlike cannabis grown for recreational human use, hemp contains very little THC. Instead, hemp has been selectively bred for its long fibers, which are used in a number of industrial contexts. The plant and seeds are also incorporated into some animal feeds.
However, while hemp and hemp products do not contain significant amounts of THC, it does contain other cannabinoids, including some with medicinal value. Accordingly, manufacturers have begun marketing hemp-derived products to treat dog ailments and promote health.
There are plenty of owners who tell anecdotes about their pooches’ aches and pains being resolved through the use of these hemp or CBD-oil infused treats, so it may be worth a try for desperate owners. Just be sure to discuss the issue with your vet first.
Hopefully, with further research, these items may one day prove useful in helping to treat ailing animals.
The Bottom Line: Medical Marijuana For Dogs May Be An Option, Some Day
Cannabis represents an intriguing option for the treatment of some illnesses and ailments that afflict dogs. However, such use remains illegal and is rarely guided by sound medical advice.
Nevertheless, some people have used cannabis to treat their dog’s illness, with seemingly positive results.
This does not prove that cannabis is a viable treatment option, as dog owners are subject to the placebo effect and wide spread trials are needed to assess how cannabis affects dogs differently. Quite simply, much more research is needed.
If your dog is battling a difficult-to-treat condition, and you are interested in using canine cannabis to treat her, discuss the issue with your veterinarian.
While your vet may not be comfortable recommending cannabis for your pet, he or she may be able to provide important information that will inform your decision.
Regardless, if you have marijuana of your own at home, make sure to safely secure it from your dog — you certainly don’t want your dog eating marijuana.
Have you ever treated your dog with cannabis? Has the legalization or recreational marijuana caused you to start contemplating cannabis for your canine? What were your experiences? We’d love to hear from you in the comment section below.