Chihuahua’s are a fascinating breed – and one that briefly took the world by storm, gaining more popularity after being spotted in celeb hands (and handbags) like Paris Hilton, Demi Moore, Reese Witherspoon and even, at some point, Marilyn Monroe, whose pooch was named Josepha.
Today we’re digging into the history of the Chihuahua and the different types of Chihuahuas than fans of the breed might seek out!
Types of Chihuahuas: Quick Facts
- Long-Hair Chihuahua
- Short-Hair Chihuahua
- Apple Head Chihuahua
- Deer Head Chihuahua
- Teacup Chihuahua
- Fawn Chihuahua
Learn about these Chihuahua variations, which ones are officially recognized by the AKC (hint: not as many as you’d think), and more below!
The History of the Chihuahua
One of the theories we have available about the origin of the chihuahua breed – and certainly the most plausible one if you ask us – is that they are descended from an ancient race of dogs called the Techichi who were kept by the ancient Toltec peoples.
These dogs were kept around as companions, and they eventually found themselves being sold to passerby travelers – named after the region they were most commonly found in: Chihuahua!
The Chihuahua breed was first registered as an official breed with the American Kennel Club (AKC) in 1904, and its popularity has since given rise to many clubs focused on Chihuahua’s the world over, maybe even one in your hometown.
Now, let’s talk about breeds. Just how many are there?
According to the AKC: Long and Short Coat
Officially, the American Kennel Club only recognizes two types of Chihuahua breeds: Long and short coat. The rest, which we’ll go through in a bit, are considered subtypes – just for the record.
Type 1 and 2: Short-Hair and Long-Hair Chihuahuas
The only notable difference between the short-hair and long-hair Chihuahuas (also referred to as the short-coat and long-coat) two types is, well, the coat.
It’s worth noting that Chihuahua coats can come in a wide variety of colors, all accepted as valid by the AKC providing that their coat is well-kept. It can take up to 24 months at most for a long-haired chihuahua to develop a full (and, of course, luxurious) coat.
It goes without saying that short-haired chihuahua owners will have less effort on the grooming front and a little less shedding to clean up after
Type 3: Apple Head Chihuahua
Most people think of the apple head chihuahua when they think of the breed (anyone else remember the Taco Bell chihuahua?)
The first characteristic of this type is in the name – and the shape of the skull. Apple head Chihuahuas have a slightly shorter muzzle and are all born with what’s called a molera: A soft part in the skull that may or may not completely close, much like the fontanel in human newborns.
Type 4: The Deer Head Chihuahua
This is one of the most common types along with the apple-head Chihuahua; of course, the deer head chihuahua can be identified – again – by the shape of the skull.
Deer headed Chihuahuas differ from the apple head because they have a slightly longer head shape, no slope on their noses (like is seen on the apple-head chihuahua) and the deer head chihuahua can be expected to be a little bit heavier than its counterparts – a fact which apparently disqualifies it from most dog shows with a weight limit.
Type 5: The Teacup Chihuahua
Teacup Chihuahuas are so named because they’re small enough to fit in a teacup. According to Teacup Daily, to meet this criteria a teacup chihuahua would have to weigh less than five pounds and be no higher than nine inches. Wow!
It’s worth noting that many folks disapprove of continuing the teacup Chihuahua breed. Teacup dogs are abnormally tiny and tend to have painful lives due to the genetic issues that come from being purposely bred to be unnaturally small.
Type 6: The Fawn Chihuahua
The name Fawn Chihuahua actually refers to their color, and any of the types of Chihuahua on this list could classify – providing their coat is fawn-colored.
What type of Chihuahua do you have? What’s your favorite? Share in the comments!
And before you go, be sure to check out our other Chihuahua resources: