You’ve read the books and watched the tutorials, but your pup still prefers to pee on the carpet in the corner of the room.
It’s smelly, messy, and downright frustrating. What can you do to teach her the rules – to pee and poo outside the house?
Below we will explore some of the reasons why soiling indoors might be a harder problem for some dogs to overcome than others!
My Dog Won’t Pee Outside: Key Takeaways
- There are a variety of reasons that a dog may not want to relieve herself outdoors, ranging from health problems to poor house-training.
- Your first step in correcting the issue is identifying the reason your dog doesn’t want to go outdoors to pee or poop.
- Once you’ve identified the reason, you can implement the proper training strategy. For example, if pee pads are confusing your dog, you may want to get rid of them and focus on training her to go outdoors.
Reasons Why a Dog Might Not Pee Outside
There are several reasons your dog may prefer the carpet to the grass when doing her business, and it’s important to figure this reason out, so you can address the problem head-on.
You might find that your dog’s pee-pee problem is due to one or more of the following:
If peeing on the carpet or elsewhere in the house is a new problem, it’s wise to first rule out any underlying medical issues.
Here are some more common medical ailments that might be causing indoor elimination:
- Urinary Tract Infections (UTIs) — A UTI can cause your pooch to feel as though she needs to urinate urgently and frequently. Having this diagnosed by your vet means that you can easily have her treated and it may just solve the problem altogether. If your dog is prone to UTI’s, your vet might also suggest a specific diet to help with prevention.
- Arthritis — This is one that often goes undetected. It’s hard to notice the slow progression of arthritis and similar changes when we see our dogs every day. And dogs are pretty stoic. But if she’s feeling pain, the stairs to the yard might be too daunting. The colder temperatures or damp weather might also affect how she is feeling, and you may notice an upswing of indoor urination in the wetter or colder months.
- Incontinence —This can be normal when it happens to older dogs, but did you know that it can also affect younger dogs as well? Particularly females. It can also happen after she has her spay operation due to an imbalance of hormones. Make sure to read up on the pros and cons of spaying and neutering a dog for more details.
- Diabetes or Kidney Problems — Diabetes or conditions involving kidney function can cause an increase in water intake. This can in turn cause urgent and more frequent need to urinate.
- Cognitive Dysfunction (Doggie Dementia) — Whether or not there are other underlying health issues, dementia and other cognitive problems could potentially cause an increase in water intake as well. For example, my old dog who suffered from cognitive dysfunction seemed to drink and then go back for more immediately after. It could be her brain not properly relaying that information or it could be confusion or simply forgetting. If you have an older dog who is peeing in the house after being outside, it could certainly be the result of doggie dementia.
Fear or Anxiety About Something Outside
It is possible that your pup might be worried or frightened to go outside, and that’s why he won’t pee outdoors.
Perhaps she had a bad experience, such as fireworks suddenly going off while she was out for a potty break.
Or, she might have a more general fear of things in her environment, such as sights, sounds, and/or smells that are stressing her. For these types of dogs, the outdoors can be really scary! Consider implementing some strategies to ease your dog’s anxiety around walks.
Other dogs (especially rescue pooches) may be afraid of the leash that they won’t pee while on a leash because they are so freaked out and have never been walked on a leash before!
Some dogs are absolutely overwhelmed or super anxious when outdoors. One common sign of an anxious outdoors pooch is a dog that will constantly stop during walks and refuse to continue walking.
The older a dog gets, the more her behaviors become habits. If your new rescue is struggling to grasp the peeing outdoor concept, it could be because she has spent most of her life thinking that peeing indoors was proper. Or perhaps her potty training was incomplete.
Additionally, people who use pee pads for their puppy in the beginning or through certain seasons may find that their dog has trouble making the switch once it’s time to start going outside. Or when using pee pad intermittently, it can become confusing for your dog.
When potty training, consistency is key. Puppies need to urinate often, so it is important to provide plenty of opportunities for your pooch to relieve herself.
A good rule of thumb is they can hold it for one hour for every month they are in age plus one. So, a 3-month-old puppy is likely only able to hold her bladder for a maximum of 4 hours.
Marking occurs when dogs pee for social reasons, rather than in order to empty their bladder. Marking is most common in male dogs, but some females can also scent mark. It could be that your dog is peeing outdoors, but also indoors.
The behavior can sometimes be reduced or eliminated with neutering or spaying. However, it can also become a habit.
Are Some Breeds Trickier to House Train than Others?
All breeds are capable of learning to pee and poop outside, but there are a few reasons why some breeds are seemingly harder to potty train than others.
It could be due to their:
- proximity to the ground
- ability to navigate stairs
It could also be due to their tolerance of weather and cold snow — this is especially common among short-legged dogs. Therefore, their motivation to pee or poo outdoors is low.
It could be because of incomplete training. A lot of smaller dogs tend to use pee pads for longer than larger breeds do, making it more challenging to make the connection with peeing outdoors.
Toy and small breed dogs also have smaller bladders. This results in less output, and, usually, a need to relieve themselves more frequently. Sometimes these small breeds are given too much freedom too soon, they may develop the habit of urinating in the house.
Some breeds that may be more challenging for these reasons are:
- Dachshunds — They have short hair and short legs.
- Chihuahuas — They have thin hair and small bodies.
- Basset hounds — Their stubby legs and short stature may pose a challenge.
- Miniature pinschers — They have small bodies and short coats.
- Toy or miniature Xoloitzcuintli — They only have hair on the top of their heads and small bodies.
- Italian greyhound — They have short hair, bare bellies, and lean bodies.
- Shih tzus — Their small size may mean less capacity to hold their bladders.
- Bichon frise — Similar to a shih tzus, they’re size makes it more challenging.
Fixing Your Dog’s Pee-Pee Problem
The most important thing to do when your dog refuses to pee outdoors is to make an appointment with your veterinarian to rule out any underlying medical issues.
If your dog is experiencing a UTI, is having pain when climbing the stairs, or she is incontinent, medication could solve the problem.
This is particularly important if the behavior is out of the ordinary or has suddenly started happening after a period of time without accidents in the house.
Once you have ruled out medical issues, here are some tips to help you solve your pup’s pee problems:
1. Review your housetraining procedures.
Oftentimes, working through the basic housetraining steps again can help. It’s okay to go back to square one and start all over.
- Take your dog out on a leash so you can be sure that she is actually peeing. Especially with young puppies, they can sometimes get easily distracted and forget that they’re outside to use the bathroom, not just prance about! Using a leash can also help to direct her to a specific location which can help with teaching her to potty in one specified location.
- Throw a big party when she pees. Give her a treat, some pats if she likes them, and lots of enthusiastic praise every time she pees in the proper spot.
- Take her back out 10 minutes later. Again, with young puppies, sometimes they don’t empty their entire bladder the first time around. A second try can help to prevent accidents. If your dog is older and she is trying to pee again after 10 minutes, it might indicate that something is wrong medically.
- Supervise puppies at all times. This will prevent you from missing any cues that she needs to pee but forgets or doesn’t know how to ask to go out. This might be: When she first wakes up, just after eating or playing, or if she starts circling and sniffing around. When she does this, leash her up and take her to her pee spot.
- Be consistent and take her out frequently. Young puppies should go out every hour or two. As she learns, you can slowly increase the length of time between potty breaks.
2. Teach your dog to ring a bell to go outside.
By teaching your pooch that ringing a doggie doorbell means she gets to go outside to pee, we can teach her how to ask to go out. And if she knows how to ask, she can use this tool to go outside when needed.
- Start by teaching your dog to ring the bells with her nose or paw. She will likely be curious about the bells, so as soon as she goes to sniff them, click the nose touching the bells and toss a treat away from the bells. Tossing the treats redirected her away from the bells, so then she has to come back and do the behavior again in order to earn another treat. Put the bells away when you’re not training.
- If she actually rings the bells, rather than just lightly touching them, give her a jackpot! This means giving her a few treats, lots of praise and acting excited — don’t hold back! It’s a celebration!
- Eventually, you want her to start ringing the bells consistently. They have to make a ringing noise. Click your clicker (if you’re using one to train her) and treat her each time she makes the bells ring.
- The next step is to get her to ring the bells, click your clicker, open the door and toss a treat outside. She will learn that when she rings the bell, the door opens, she gets to go outside, and then she gets a reward. We want her to learn that ringing the bell means that she gets to go potty, specifically. Not ring bells to get mom’s attention, or ring bells to get dad to open the door five times in one minute!
- In order to teach her that bells equal potty time, place the bells on the door only when you plan to take her out to pee. When she rings the bell, click and treat, walk out the door to her spot, and then throw a big party (treats, pats, and praise!)
- Once she is fairly consistent, you can start to leave the bells on the door all the time, so she uses them to ask to go outside for a pee. Just be sure to continue to praise her when she completes the procedure.
3. Eliminate lingering pee odors in your house.
Because some dogs like to go where they have already pooped or peed, you’ll want to eliminate any existing odors. By cleaning the affected spots, it might prevent future accidents in the same location.
Be sure to use an enzymatic carpet cleaner for dog urine to make sure you eliminate all residual odors of your dog’s accident.
4. Consider pee/poop training sprays to help you get the ball rolling.
There are different pee and poop training sprays on the market, which you may want to try.
None will magically make your dog poop or pee on the spot, but with the use of pheromones or sprays that imitate the smell of puppy poo or pee, they may help to encourage your dog to go, or to go in a particular spot in the yard.
Keep in mind, this might also hinder the process. Some dogs don’t like to poop where another dog has already done her business. So, while these products may work for some, they may not work well for others.
5. For dogs who cannot be supervised, try crate training.
Unless there is a medical issue, most dogs won’t pee in their kennel unless they have no other choice. So short-term use of a dog or puppy crate could be beneficial to prevent accidents.
We have a whole guide to crate training here you can read to get started!
6. Consider using pee pads or litter boxes for small dogs.
If you live in an apartment building or you have a small dog that has trouble going outside, pee pads or dog litter boxes might be viable options.
But you’ll need to be consistent with their use. If you decide to go the route of pee pads or litter boxes, make sure they are clean, fresh, and readily available to your pupper.
7. Solicit professional help if need be.
If you’re still struggling with your pup’s potty training problems after trying these tips, or your dog is fearful or anxious of being outside, consult a positive, force-free trainer (or even a certified online trainer over at Journey Dog Training) to help you with a training plan.
A dog who soils the house can make for one frustrating situation!
There are many reasons why Fido might be peeing indoors, and sometimes it’s an easy solution. Other times, it’s going back to square one and starting the training process from scratch.
Just be patient and consistent, and you should eventually achieve success!
Do you have a dog who soils the carpet or poops behind the couch? We would love to hear your tips that made potty training spotless!
December 21, 2022
We have a rescue who we think is about a year. He likely lived outside as a (failed) hunting dog before he was brought to the shelter. Potty training seemed to be going well, and he knows that he’s supposed to go outside, but he doesn’t seem to grasp that he can’t also go inside?! We have two other dogs (who are totally house trained) and we thought he’d catch on when he saw them ONLY going outside.
Any tips or tricks? We have caught him mid-bathroom break (inside) and startle him, immediately take him outside, and reward him when he finishes going. He can hold it all night so I don’t think it’s anything medical.
It’s really frustrating. Thank you!
December 22, 2022
Hey there, Angela.
Aside from doing what you’re already doing, you may need to just start taking him out really frequently — like every other hour or so. That may be enough to instill that outside is where he needs to relieve himself.
But crate-training may be a good idea if that doesn’t work.
You may also need to pick up a good carpet cleaner for dog urine to ensure lingering odors aren’t triggering him.
Best of luck!
November 7, 2022
I have a 13 week old chipoo. He is a sweet little boy however we are having issues when it comes to going potty… He will pee and poo in the morning outside no problem but that is it. He will hold his pee and poo till he is back in the house…. take him for long walks play out in the yard. Have a potty spot in the back yard which he uses just fine in the mornings…. But its like it doesnt matter how many times I have him outside during the day or how long I have him outside he will hold everything till we are back inside! 🙁 I really do no know what to do. Of course he gets treats and praise in the morning when he goes outside so its like the dots have connected for him but then that is it. Just the mornings!! please help
November 8, 2022
Hey there, Heidi.
I can imagine how frustrating that must be!
It sounds like a round of crate-training may be in order for your doggo. Most dogs won’t relieve themselves in a (properly sized) crate, so by taking him from the yard directly to the crate, he’ll likely stop going. Then, an hour or two later, you can take him back outside. Lather, rinse, and repeat until he gets the hang of it.
Also, understand that 13 weeks is still young, so there are bound to be bumps in the potty-training road. And for that matter, small breeds often struggle with housetraining more than large breeds.
Best of luck!
September 4, 2022
I have a 6 year old German shepherd that was retired from a breeder. She was bought from said breeder when she was a puppy and then returned. You can tell she has been trained. She will walk on a leash without pulling. And will stay right by your side. But that’s also a problem. She will not leave your side long enough to even sniff around and want to pee. If we tether her outside she just sits there waiting for you to come back for her. We need some help. Any advice is appreciated
September 6, 2022
Hey there, Carolyn.
It’s obviously hard for us to know exactly what’s going on from afar, but it almost sounds like she’s afraid or anxious. You may want to check out our article about boosting a dog’s confidence and see if that resonates at all.
Alternatively, it’d be a great idea to reach out to a certified dog behavior consultant, who can observe the gal and see if she’s dealing with some anxiety or another problem entirely.
Best of luck!
February 19, 2022
I have two 5 m/o Chiweenie puppies. I’ve had the for almost three months. Neither of the will do their business outside of the house – on walks, at the gym, or even at puppy Kindergarten. They both hold it until we get back home. I need help! I’ve tried almost everything. I’m going to attempt some of the tips in this video. Any other help will be greatly appreciated.
February 21, 2022
Hey, Trish. Sorry about the troubles with your pooches, but we bet some of the tips shared in the article will help.
Do be sure that you’ve used a pet-safe carpet deodorizer if they’ve already had accidents indoors, otherwise you’ll likely be fighting an uphill battle.
Best of luck!
August 18, 2021
Sorry. The kennel is 10 x 20 so it’s big. We put a roof on it and it’s under a covered porch and has a dirt floor. He just won’t pee in it.
August 19, 2021
Ah! OK, Jeanene — that’s a little different.
You still need to address the water-drinking issue, as that could be serious.
As for getting him to pee in the enclosed space, you could try taking him out there sometime when he *really* has to go (maybe first thing in the morning). Just walk him around him there (or let him walk around by himself), until he finally answers nature’s call. Just be sure to do so reasonably. If he won’t pee in there after 10 minutes or so, you’ll want to take a different approach — you don’t want to be cruel and make him hold it for extended periods of time.
If you could collect some dog urine (either his or, even better, another dog’s) and spritz it in one of the kennel corners, that may work too.
But ultimately, he may just feel uncomfortable tinkling in the kennel, as it’s too close to the place he sleeps. If that’s the case, you may just need to figure out another solution.
Best of luck!
August 18, 2021
Hi – my sister’s lab has to be in a large kennel during the time she is at work because he can climb fences. She wants him to pee in the crate, but he isn’t. And he’s not drinking water. What can she do?
August 19, 2021
That doesn’t sound like a great idea — you don’t want your poor pupper to have to hang out near a big pee puddle all day. If he can’t hang out outside, we’d recommend just giving him the run of the house (or a subsection of the house) and putting down some pee pads or grass mats he can use.
But the bigger issue is that he’s not drinking water. We’d make sure to take him in to the vet for a check up ASAP.
Best of luck!
July 29, 2021
I have a 7 month old Goldendoodle that has been trained on pads. We have since moved his pads outdoors to the deck. He had been going to the door and bark to go outside to pee or poop. However now he is pooping and peeing everywhere but on the pad. His elevated bed, the deck or the carpet on the deck even in the house. We walk him around the yard and my Husband takes him on walks every day twice a day but he will hold it until he gets home and go on the deck. But will not do it on the pad. He was doing good at one time but now I don’t understand why he has decided to not use the pad or choosing to go indoors.
July 29, 2021
Hey, Lisa. A couple of things:
1) If I understand your comment correctly, you may need to increase the number of bathroom breaks he gets a day — two isn’t enough.
2) It may be helpful to move the pads to the portion of your yard in which you want him to ultimately go, rather than keeping them on the deck.
3) 7 months isn’t *that* old, so he may still be figuring things out — just remain consistent and give him plenty of chances to go in the right spot. Once he does, dole out the praise, pets and treats!
Best of luck!
July 23, 2021
I have a rescue 5 lb mixed Canine that is refusing to go outside to potty… While she was at the shelter she refused to go outside when other dogs were outside … She is fearful of noises , dogs barking … They used pee pads at the shelter and I did as I begun potty her outside … We thought we had her broke going on per pads and she was doing good until recently she refuses to go in the yard to potty … I have potty trained many pups throughout the years and this furbaby has me stumped as to get her back on track to go outside and potty… please help!
July 23, 2021
Hey, Nancy. Your poor pooch! It sounds like she is just really, really nervous.
We’d recommend that you just keep trying to make her feel safe, and check out our article about building a fearful dog’s confidence.
You may also want to think about some calming supplements — just be sure to check with your vet first.
Best of luck!
July 2, 2021
Thanks fore some info,before I go cracy,first I got a dachshund 6 months old(now 1 1/2) 8 months later I got a little girl 2 1/2 years old also a dachshund ,I got them from the same kennel,the little girl had had 3 pups,but had a hernia got spayed and we got here home the two off them was living most out side so you cut pee wherever you ,I do take them out every hour the door is always open,but we still pee / poo ind side I LOVE my dog but it have to stop thanks
July 2, 2021
Sorry about your struggles! I don’t entirely understand the situation you’re describing, but if you just work on the strategies discussed above, you should be on the right track.
Do note that dachshunds are notoriously difficult to housetrain, so you’re just going to have to stay patient. If nothing seems to be working, you may even want to investigate doggie diapers.
Best of luck!
June 20, 2021
I rescued a redbone coonhound in October and she is a little over a year. Her house breaking has not been the easiest. She has weeks of doing great and then falls back into having accidents. She’s also very stubborn and seems to have a bladder of steel. There are times she will hold it for almost a day. Any suggestions?
June 21, 2021
Hey there, Tina.
Unfortunately, housetraining can take a while for some pups, though larger breeds usually don’t present as many problems as smaller ones.
Regardless, “holding it” for almost a full day sounds pretty concerning.
We’d recommend having your vet check her out first to make sure she isn’t suffering from a health problem.
If your vet says she’s completely healthy, we’d recommend going back to step one of the housetraining process, making sure that she gets several chances to “go” everyday, and always praising her heavily when she pees outside.
Best of luck!
June 5, 2021
My 15 1/2 year old Yorkie rufuses go go outside recently. It is 100+ degrees and the minute I open the door, he turns around. He will go out when sun goes down. Should I get “pee pads”? He has arthritis and has such a hard time getting around.
June 7, 2021
Hey there, Pat.
Pee pads are certainly a potential solution for dogs who don’t want to go outside. Given that he’s a pretty old fella, and he doesn’t get around well, this may be the best way to handle the situation.
Best of luck!
April 9, 2021
I have a 4 month old golden lab that absolutely refuses to go potty outside. We have tried everything. Vet visit found nothing, potty pads outside, his own poo outside and walks over 30 mins and he just holds it until he gets back inside. I am beyond frustrated. Any suggestions?
April 9, 2021
Hey, Jessica. That sounds crazy frustrating. 🙁
What I’d do is increase the length of time you spend outdoors — drastically so, if need be. Just go to the park or hang out in the backyard for an hour (or potentially longer) — he’ll certainly have to go at some point, which may help you break the cycle. I know that’ll be pretty time consuming, but it should eventually work.
Also, you may want to try poop training sprays. They work better for some dogs than others, but it’s a high-upside, low-downside proposition.
Best of luck!
June 13, 2021
Same situation. But im in an apartment and 9 months pregnant. We went to the river and she held in everything the entire day. As soon as we got home she let it all out…. any suggestions?? She’s very skiddish when i take her outside…
June 14, 2021
Hey there, Francisca.
That sounds pretty extreme (if I’m understanding correctly that she really didn’t go until she got home).
It’s probably time to speak with a canine behaviorist to get to the bottom of things.
Sorry we don’t have an easier solution!
January 1, 2021
my recent rescue from a shleter – a possibly 7 year old chihuaha mix (13 lbs) will not pee or poop outside. A 2 hour walk resulted in noting outside and her peeing on the tile floor as soon as she came back into our condo.
Seems as if she was trained to do her business on a tile floor inside. She has not peed on any of our area rugs.
January 4, 2021
Hey, Gilbert. Sorry about the problems with your pooch.
If she truly “held it” while walking for two hours, you probably need to reach out to a private trainer for some help.
Let us know how it goes!
August 8, 2020
I adopted a 10 year old dog. My guess is his prior humans never taught him to use the yard. He will only do his business while out front on a leash. He walks to my corner, does his business then makes me take him back home. He won’t even go on an extended walk. So I’ve been trying to teach him to go in the yard. I’ve scrubbed down my entire yard to remove any scents that may be out there from strays that may stop in for what ever reason. I live in the city so it’s concrete everywhere. I’ve even went as far as to take his bagged up poo and place it in the yard so his scent is out there. I’ve given him a treat just for being out in the yard. But when I place him outside because he won’t go on his own, he just stands by the door and barks. If I sit out there with him he sits by me. If I move he runs to the door. I know he has to go, but he just won’t. What am I doing wrong?
August 10, 2020
That’s a tough one — it sounds like you’re doing everything you can.
It’d probably be helpful to discuss the issue with a private trainer who can assess your dog and provide some specific advice.
If you don’t have a trainer in your area you can work with, check out Journey Dog Training — they offer a variety of long-distance training solutions.
Best of luck!